Watch the three following presentations on Climate Smart Engineering which were delivered at the World Engineers Symposium on 18 November 2020. Watch for free on EA OnDemand.
The Future of the Office
As the Internet reshapes the physical space-the traditional domain of architecture and design–and becomes the “Internet of Things”, we can leverage IoT technologies to develop digitally-augmented buildings that can adapt in real time to users’ needs. For workers, this means they can customize their office experience in a streamlined fashion, using apps to interact with coworkers, book meeting rooms and regulate environmental settings with an unprecedented degree of personalization.
The contribution from Prof. Carlo Ratti will address the evolution of the traditional workspace, offering a glimpse into new ways of working in the office of the future by using, as a case study, Carlo Ratti Associati’s transformation of the Agnelli Foundation’s 20th-century building in Turin, Italy into an innovative office modeled after the IoT.
Prof Carlo Ratti
Director | Senseable Labs, MIT (USA)
Floods and Droughts Management
Water is essential for life and there’s no substitute! The UN’s “2030 Agenda” has set the target: to ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all. Engineering contributions will be essential to reach this target. In a plausible scenario of duplicating the world population and increasing GDP per capita, much more water will be necessary even where and when nature cannot provide it. There will be pressure to build more dams, artificializing rivers and hydraulic regimes, with high environmental and landscape impacts. Engineers are also needed to help prepare for floods and droughts to reduce economic losses from natural disasters.Last year, Working Group on Water of WFEO published its first Report, advanced in WEC 2019, “Managing droughts and floods: Best practices and engineering contribution”. This year, the Report is being presented in several Fora in Symposia, so this is a new opportunity to enrich it with the contributions of water experts.
Dr Thomas Angel Sancho
Chair, Working Group on Water | WFEO (Spain)
Energy Storage for a more Sustainable Energy Future
The talk will review the energy challenges ahead of us including the existing and promising schemes for the storage of energy in electrical, chemical or thermal forms. It will highlight the two main storage categories that are:
Seasonal storage (increase of hydro dam height, synthetic fuels, heat and cold storage with shallow geothermal wells, …)
Daily or weekly storage (pump-turbine hydro, electrochemical with batteries and reversible fuel cells, compressed air or CO2 cycles, thermal using sensible or latent heat)
Updated diagrams like efficiency versus number of cycles or specific cost of the different technologies will be shown. The synergy between some of these approaches will be discussed as well as the associated considerations of energy performance, economics, life cycle and societal acceptation. Special attention will be given to advanced approaches using original CO2 cycles and urban networks for both heating, cooling and synthetic fuels production and use.
Prof Daniel Favrat
Member, Energy Committee | WFEO (Switzerland)